The model for this painting by an unknown painted was a heroic portrait of Prince Władysław Sigismund Vasa (1595-1648), painted most likely by Dutch painter Pieter Claesz Soutman (approx. 1580-1657), who for a time collaborated with Peter Paul Rubens in Antwerp, and between 1624-1628 held the title of the Vasas court painter. During his stay in Warsaw, he probably painted an ad vivum set of three portraits: King Sigismund III Vasa in his coronation robes, Queen Constantce, and Prince Władysław. The set of portraits, which was located at the Royal Castle in Warsaw, was destroyed during the Swedish wars of 1655-1657. Two sets of copies were also made, one of which burned at the castle of the Habsburg governors in Brussels, and the second was taken to Bavaria, along with her dowry, by Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, who married Philip William of Neuburg. Of this set, two paintings have been preserved (Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen in Munich). A copy of the portrait of Prince Władysław is kept at the Wilańow Palace, possibly from this set (inv. nr. 1134). In the portrait by the Dutch artist, the prince, without armour but with a chieftain's mace in his hand, has been raised to the rank of a hero and main engineer of the victory over the Turkish army during the Battle of Chocim (1621), despite the fact that due to illness, he stayed in his tent, and the army was led by Hetman Karol Chodkiewicz. In the second half of the 1620, Sigismund III attempted to secure support for his son, to ensure his election as his successor, and thus the prince's participation in the victory was exaggerated. It is not known which version of the prince's portrait by Soutman served as a model for the author of this painting and on whose order it was made. The changes introduced in the copy are fairly significant, because rather than a victorious chief, we have a representative portrait of a leader, and thus closer to the numerous ranks of the noblemen. The painting appeared in the lists of the Czartoryski collection in 1869.